The Olympic Peninsula is dotted with communities with “Port” and “Harbor” in their names, once bustling mill towns, fishing villages, and logging camps that have adapted to the 21st century economy in their own unique ways. Port Ludlow is one such community, tucked into a tiny inlet by the same name. Blink and you might miss the turn on Highway 104, and boaters need to keep an eye out for the inlet entrance just north of the Hood Canal Bridge. Those who make the trip are rewarded with walls of green trees and natural sand beaches, and if they are lucky enough to have a clear day, the silhouette of Mt. Baker will be their backdrop as they dock in the charming Port Ludlow Marina.
The area that became Port Ludlow was charted and named by Lieutenant Charles Wilkes of the U.S. Exploring Expedition. The port’s namesake was Augustus C. Ludlow, a hero of the War of 1812, and Wilkes’ name choice appears to be a thinly veiled jab at his British North American exploration rivals. In 1852, a steam-powered sawmill was built on a 318-acre claim by Captain William F. Sayward and John R. Thorndyke. The community that grew up around the sawmill kept the name given by Wilkes. A year later, two lumbermen named Andrew J. Pope and William C. Talbot formed a partnership and looked to establish another sawmill, but finding one already built in Port Ludlow, Pope and Talbot broke ground at Port Gamble instead.
By 1870, Port Ludlow was more famous for shipbuilding than for its declining lumber industry. The town at this time consisted of barely 200 people and a handful of buildings. In 1879, Pope and Talbot bought the dilapidated sawmill at auction and made it profitable before the sawmill was finally closed due to the Great Depression. The historic houses were barged to Port Gamble during WWII, and by 1950, all commerce was dead. But in 1961, with the opening of the Hood Canal Bridge, Port Ludlow regained relevance as a potential land development project.
Today, Port Ludlow is a small collection of residential neighborhoods surrounded by the Olympic mountains that roll down to the waterfront hub that includes the Port Ludlow Resort and Marina. Visitors arriving by boat can find a slip at the dock and a room if desired a few yards away at the Port Ludlow Inn. As visitors enjoy the outdoors with kayak paddles in hand or along a local trail, they become intimate with the community that was once a major lumber and shipbuilding center but now offers a quieter life for its denizens.